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Introduction: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is an abnormality of the inner choroidal vasculature. The recommended treatment for PCV is a combination of standard verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) with intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF). There have been reports of
success with combination of half-dose PDT (hd-PDT) and anti-VEGF in the treatment of PCV. hd-PDT might be a cost-effective method with favourable outcome in the treatment of PCV and fewer side effects.
Purpose: To explore the efficacy of hd-PDT combined with anti-VEGF and anti-VEGF monotherapy in PCV.
Study design: Retrospective nonrandomized comparative study.
Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective nonrandomized comparative records review of all patients with PCV received a combination of hd-PDT and anti-VEGF vs anti-VEGF monotherapy from November 2017 to November 2019 at Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Pahang, Malaysia. Patients received a half-dose of verteporfin over 10 minutes and were irradiated by the standard fluence combined with intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept injections. The monotherapy group received either intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept. Primary outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central subfield thickness (CST) at 6 months post-treatment. Secondary outcome measure was documentation of side
Results: The study included a total of 16 patients, with 8 patients (8 eyes) in the combination group and 8 patients (10 eyes) in the monotherapy group. At 6 months post-treatment, the BCVA changes in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) were -0.06 in the combination group and +0.02 in the monotherapy group (p = 0.928). The average CST reduction was 51.6 μm in the combination group and 106.1 μm in the monotherapy group (p = 0.214). One eye developed subretinal haemorrhage after hd-PDT and one eye developed retinal atrophy in the monotherapy group.
Conclusion: hd-PDT combined with anti-VEGF was able to produce similar functional outcomes in terms of BCVA when compared to anti-VEGF monotherapy. However, monotherapy is shown to be superior to combination treatment for anatomical improvement.