Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or OpenOffice document file format (.DOC or .DOCX format).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission adheres to the Ethics and Malpractice Policy found in the About section.
  • A Conflict of Interest statement has been attached to the submission. Please refer to
  • During the submission process, the author has filled in the following data in the Metadata tab: co-author information, abstract, keywords, supporting agencies, and reference list.
  • The manuscript is written in the active voice.
  • All references are cited in the text and included in the correct format in the reference list. Where available, URLs for the references are provided in the form of DOI or PMID identifiers.
  • Copyright permission has been obtained and is included for any table, diagram, or illustration to be reproduced from other publications.
  • Illustrations and figures are submitted as separate files in JPG, TIFF, PNG format and have a resolution of at least 300 DPI.
  • The manuscript has been spell-checked and grammar-checked prior to submission.

Author Guidelines

Before submitting your manuscript, please download the Author Guidelines available here. Manuscripts that do not adhere to the instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.