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Abstract

Introduction: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a distinct clinical entity, characterized by focal hyperfluorescence in the early phase of indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), with or without its associated branching vascular network (BVN).
Purpose: To report the angiographic characteristics of PCV on ICGA in presumed PCV patients.
Study design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Materials and methods: This study involved 36 suspected PCV patients who attended the Ophthalmology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre from June 1, 2012 to May 31, 2013. All patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination including colour fundus photography, ICGA, and fundus fluorescein angiography. ICGA images of confirmed PCV patients were analysed.
Results: Twenty-five out of 36 eyes (69.4%) were diagnosed to have PCV based on ICGA. Mean age of confirmed PCV patients was 66.4 ± 8.42 years, with predominance of males (n = 17) and Chinese ethnicity (n = 19). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was between 6/6 and 6/18 in 64%. All 25 patients had unilateral disease. Average size of PCV lesions was 1461.4 ± 864.4 μm. The lesions were mostly concentrated in the extrafoveal region (n = 15, 60%). Lesion formation was cluster in 56% (n = 14), single in 32% (n = 8), string in 4% (n = 1), and combination in 8% (n = 2). The majority involved a single discrete area. Polyp pulsation was detected in six eyes, while seven eyes revealed nodular hyperfluorescence when viewed stereoscopically. BVN was evident in 56% (n = 14). Fifteen eyes demonstrated the hypofluorescent halo, while no hyperfluorescent ring was seen in this study population. Late geographical hyperfluorescence (LGH) was noted in seven eyes (28%). There was no significant association between the morphological characteristics of PCV, i.e., size of lesion, location, formation, discrete area involved, and LGH with BCVA.
Conclusion: The demographic, clinical, and angiographic features observed in this study were in agreement with other previously published Asian studies. However, we found no association between the morphological characteristics of PCV with BCVA.