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Purpose: To study the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) at six months and to determine factors that can predict the success of SLT.
Study design: Prospective cohort study with convenience sampling.
Material and methods: The patients were seen at the Glaucoma Clinic, Selayang Hospital from October 2017 to September 2018. Patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), and ocular hypertension (OHT) of mild to moderate severity that needed further IOP reduction were recruited. Baseline characteristics were documented followed by water drinking test (WDT) and SLT. Follow-up was scheduled at one week, six weeks, three months, and six months. WDT was repeated at six months.
Results: Eighteen eyes of 18 patients were recruited. IOP at baseline, 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months was 19.3 ± 3.7,16.7 ± 3.8,16.5 ± 2.7,16.6 ± 3.2 and 15.3 ± 3.8 mmHg, respectively (P < 0.05). The reduction of baseline IOP, peak IOP, and IOP fluctuation were 20.7%, 26.7%, and 31.4%, respectively (P < 0.05). The cumulative success at six months was 44%. The significant success predictors were mean deviation on Humphrey visual field and IOP one week post-SLT.
Conclusions: SLT can be used to treat mild to moderate POAG, NTG, and OHT patients, either as first-line treatment or as an adjunct to medical therapy.